محل برگزاری: آلمان
تاریخ اعتبار: ۱۲-۰۱-۲۰۱۶
خوارج در فرهنگ مسلمانان لقب گروههای افراطی و خشونت طلب در صدر اسلام است. این کنفرانس به بررسی اندیشه های آنان و منابع موجود در بارۀ آنان می پردازد.
Reconsidering Kharijism – CfP for panel at DOT 2017 (Jena/Germany)
Teresa Bernheimer and I are planning to put together a panel on “Reconsidering Kharijism in Early Islamic History” for the Deutscher Orientalistentag conference, to take place in Jena/Germany on 18-22 September 2017 (http://www.dot2017.de/en/). We’re looking for participants who are interested in contributing papers that seek to re-examine the established depiction of early Kharijism as sectarian, heretic, and excessively violent. We’d be very grateful if you circulated this CfP among colleagues and especially (MA/PhD) students. The deadline for panel submissions is end of March, so we’d kindly ask you to get in touch as soon as possible at email@example.com and/or firstname.lastname@example.org. The panel description is as follows:
“Scholarship on the early period of Islam has concentrated on the political history of the Arab conquests and the development of Sunnism and Shiism as the major branches of the emerging religion. The history and role of what is commonly considered the third major branch, the ‘Kharijites’ (Arabic: khawarij, ‘those who go out’), a blanket term to describe groups of early Muslim rebels who apparently were neither supporters of the Alids nor of proto-Sunnism, has been largely neglected. The main reason for this neglect has been the reliance of scholarship on the mainstream literary sources. While this material is rich and varied, and includes many different kinds of writings (historical chronicles, theological manuals, biographical and legal works, and the like), the extant material mostly dates to the ninth and tenth centuries CE at the earliest— about two to three hundred years after the events it describes. It has been shown to be full of inconsistencies on minor and major issues, reflecting the concerns and debates of a very different period and context.
Particularly problematic with regard to the Kharijites is that reliance on these sources favours the centralizing narratives of later Sunnis and Shiʿites. Few Kharijite works have survived to tell a different story, and thus the Kharijites are depicted as violent rebels and quintessential heretics: the first ‘sect’ of Islam. Modern scholarship has broadly accepted the perspective of the mainstream tradition. There have been shorter studies on Kharijite sub-groups as well as heightened interest in the Ibadiyya in recent years; however, a proper (re-)examination of early Kharijism is not available, with the most detailed introductions written over 100 years ago (Brünnow 1884, and Wellhausen 1901).
This panel aims to bring together new considerations concerning the history and historiography of early Kharijite movements. By broadening the source base and conceptual perspective, the papers call into question the hitherto almost unchallenged connection between ‘political’ and ‘religious’ Kharijism and examine the extent to which the various Kharijite movements may be seen as anything other than (at most) loosely connected groups of insurgents, thus shedding new light on the intriguing phenomenon of ‘Kharijism’ in early Islam.”